(1893), San Joaquín and Channel roads to the north-east angle. A strong, round masonry tower, turrets with conical roofs, brief, sturdy pillars, colorful colours of the rock and rough stonework were nicknamed Cunningham's castle. This was the fortification design. The Richardson Romanesque structure was common in the 1890s, and during the reign of Sheriff Thomas Cunningham, it received its surname from its medieval aspect and construction. Construction started in 1891, but economic issues were postponed until 1893.

The house was constructed to house 75 inmates, 8 cells on the first two levels in half a circle and 6 in the cellar. Only 3 stories were built in this brick construction. Women and suspects lived in additional cells. However, the prison quickly went beyond capability with a continuously increasing population; by the early 1940's counted over 400 prisoners. Deteriorated lime mortar and inhumane circumstances were complained about, which caused prison to be dropped in 1958 and ruined in 1961. In 1972 by Resolution No. 30,101 on 20 November 1972, the City Council added the site to the City Register.

The San Joaquin County Jail now has a ton of inmate programs. There is a recreation yard in each housing unit. They have facilities and equipment to play such games as softball, handball, basketball and much more. They also have equipment like TVs and dvd players. Inmates can also buy movies through inmate welfare funds. There is many religious services offered to inmates as well. They are held at thye Honor Farm and general housing unit. Bibles and other religious literature are offered in the County Jail Library upon request. 

They also have education programs through the County Office of Education. They ahve teachers that are scheduled to conduct class every week. Inmates can get their GED, Diplomas, and learn technical skills for work. They try very hard to create programs that help inmates with re-entry and learning life skills. The jail also offers inmate caseworkers to assist them when in need.

This amazing landmark is located near Downtown Stockton and also only a short distance away from:

  • Reuel Colt Gridley Monument

  • Benjamin Holt Home

  • County Jail Site

  • Burial place of John Brown

  • Weber Point

  • Miner Levee Site

  • County Courthouse Site

  • Swett-Moreing Home

  • Temple Israel Cemetery

  • Temporary Detention Camps at the San Joaquin County Fairgrounds

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